The standard was established by Nihonken Hozonkai
in 1934 along the three sizes of Japanese dogs, small, medium and
large, indicating a path to follow in the future breeding programs
based on the intrinsic characteristics of Japanese dogs. This standard
is used as a basic reference by many organization in and out of
Japan for Japanese dogs. (Diagram: name of parts of dogs inserted
*The standard is brief and concise but written precisely to the
point and its expression may generally be difficult to understand.
The following is a point by point explanation of the standard.
１ Explaination of Standard
Essential qualities and its expression: The nature of Japanese
dogs can be expressed in three very important words "KAN-I",
"RYOSEI" and "SOBOKU". "KAN- I" means
strength of character and dignity. "RYOSEI" means faithful
and obedient. "SOBOKU" means refined simplicity and sober
artlessness. These qualities are basic nature inborn to Japanese
dogs. In addition its expressions in small and medium size dogs
are keen senses, quick and nimble movements together with light,
elastic steps. For large size dogs, the expression must be massive,
２ General Physical Appearance
It is important to have distinct masculine and feminine appearance.
The body is proportionately balanced with compact frame. Muscles
must be well developed and a height to length ratio should be 100
to 110 with female having a little longer body. A height is measured
at the back of shoulder with coat pressed.
Height of Shiba: Median sizes are 39.5cm and 36.5cm for male and
female respectively. The allowable range is 38cm (14.96in) to 41cm
(16.14in) for male and 35cm (13.78in) to 38cm (14.96in) for female.
The size of ears should be small and proportionate with head size.
They are scalene triangle in shape with inside straight and outside
somewhat round, standing firmly and leaning forward slightly.
Eyes should be set deep with strength. They are somewhat triangular
and slant upward at the outside corner. Dark brown iris is ideal.
Black or light colors are not desirable.
Firm muzzle projects out of full cheeks and the bridge of the nose
is straight. Base of muzzle is round and stout, tapering slightly
to black nose tip. ( Nose tip color may be dark brown for white
dogs) Stop is moderate. Lips are tight and firmly straight. Teeth
are well developed and complete with proper bite. Any thing less
than 42 teeth or marking of tongue are not desirable. 9. Chest:
The forechest is well developed, ribs are moderately sprung in oval
shape (eggs shape). Chest depth is approximately one half of total
height, at least 45% of the height is required.
６ Head and Neck
The forehead is broad, the cheeks full and neck is powerful with
moderate length and thickness.
Forelegs are spaced at chest width, elbows close to the body. Pasterns
have slight angle, paws having tight grip.
Hind legs are well developed with a natural stance. The hook joint
is tenaciously strong with proper angle, paws having firm grip.
The forechest is well developed, ribs are moderately sprung in
oval shape (eggs shape). Chest depth is approximately one half of
total height, at least 45% of the height is required.
１０ Back and Loin
The topline is straight from the shoulder to the base of the tail.
Loins are strong and should not move vertically or horizontally
at the trot.
The tail is powerful with moderate thickness, either sickle or
curled. The tip of the tail should almost reach to the hook joint.
Sickle tail should point forward. Curled tail means loose curl.
Outer coat is stiff and straight having clear color. Undercoat
is soft and thick like cotton having pale color. Tail hair is slightly
longer and stands open. Coat color in Shiba-Inu are red, black,
sesame and white. In Shiba inu, red, sesame and black are allowed
with 80% being red.